Drug dependence is a chronic disease sickness portrayed by neurotic or irrepressible drug craving plus use in spite of destructive results and alterations in the brain, which can be long term. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Substance dependency is also a relapsing illness. Relapsing is when a person starts to use drugs again after he/she attempted to quit.
The road to substance dependency starts with voluntarily using substances. However, as time passes, an individual's ability to decide not to use drugs weakens. The need to obtain and consume the drug becomes a driving force. This unrelenting craving results from the effects of the drug on the brain over time. The parts of the brain messed up by the drug dependency are the ones dealing with recompense and inspiration, knowledge and recollection, and responsible actions.
Addiction is a sickness that influences both the mind and conduct.
Can Drug Addiction Be Treated?
It can, however it is hard. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. To come back to their old lives and overcome drug addiction totally, many addicts will require repeated or prolonged care periods.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
desist from drug use
achieve more productivity in the society in general and in the family and workplace in particular
Standards Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
Dependency is an intricate, but treatable illness which affects the functioning of the brain and behaviour.
No single treatment is appropriate for everybody.
Easy access to rehab is of utmost importance.
Treatment deals with more than just drug use, addressing all of the patient's needs.
Adhering to treatment sufficiently long is critical.
The prevalently applied types of treatment include counselling and some other therapies that centre on behaviours.
A crucial part of treatment is medication, particularly when combined with behavioural therapy.
As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
Treatment should deal with other potential mental disorders.
The first stage, medically assisted detoxification, is only the beginning of treatment.
Patients do not necessarily enrol for treatment by choice.
Drug usage amid treatment must be observed constantly.
A treatment programme must test a patient for hepatitis B and C, TB, HIV/AIDS and other infectious illnesses and educate the patient about things he/she can do to reduce his/her risk of these diseases.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
There are several steps to effective treatment:
detoxification (the procedure by which the body frees itself of a medication)
treatment (for opioid, tobacco, or alcohol addiction)
Making sure that coexisting mental health issues like depression or anxiety are evaluated and treated
long-term after treatment care to avoid relapse
A variety of care with a customised treatment programme and follow-up options can be key to being successful.
During the rehabilitation, both physical and psychological issues are treated. Post-rehab support could involve the peer or family group therapy.
How Is Drug Addiction Treated With Medication?
Meds can be utilized to oversee withdrawal manifestations, anticipate backslide and treat comorbid conditions.
Withdrawal The withdrawal symptoms that are witnessed when detox is done could be alleviated with medications. Detoxification is just the very first step in the process and not "treatment" in itself. Patient who doesn't get any further treatment after detoxification as a rule resumes their drug usage. The SAMHSA, 2014 study has shown that about 80% of detox programmes use prescription drugs.
Preventing Relapse Medicines used in the detoxing programme help the brain to restore to its normal functions easier and stop the desire for the drug. Medication is available for the treatment of tobacco (nicotine), alcohol and opioid (prescription pain relievers and heroin) dependency. Drugs that can counter the effects of enhancing (uppers) like (cocaine, crystal meth) and cannabis (marijuana) are being developed by scientists. A person who uses more than one substance, which is really typical, require treatment for every substance he/she uses.
How Drug Addiction Is Treated Using Behavioural Therapies
Psychotherapy assists addicts to:
Change their mindset and conduct towards taking drugs
develop life skills that are healthy
Endure with different types of treatment, for example, medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. The majority of the programmes incorporate group or one-to-one substance counselling or both these forms.
These projects normally offer types of behavioural treatment, for example,
cognitive-behavioural therapy, which helps patients perceive, dodge and adapt to the circumstances in which they are destined to utilise drugs
Multidimensional family therapy in which not just the patient but also his/her family is involved able to sort out a lot of things and help the whole family cope with the changes and heal together
Motivational meeting, which capitalizes on individual's' status to change their conduct and enter treatment
Motivational impetuses (possibility management), which utilizes uplifting feedback to support restraint from medications
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. After the completion of the in-depth treatment, a patient moves to frequent outpatient treatment, which does not meet as regularly and for fewer hours every week to assist with maintaining his/her recovery.
For a patient with severe problems, including coexisting conditions, inpatient or residential treatment is very effective. The around the clock care available at residential rehabilitation centres includes safe boarding facilities and close monitoring of patients. Inpatient treatment facilities can use many therapeutic approaches and are usually working toward assisting the patient after treatment to maintain a drug free, crime free lifestyle.
Benefits of taking an inpatient treatment programme:
A therapeutic community that is a very structured programme in which a patient stays at a residence, usually for 6 months to a year. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
Recovery housing, which is normally an aftermath of inpatient or residential treatment, and where patients are given limited term housing under an expert watch. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Difficulties Of Re-Passage
Drug misuse changes the capacity of the mind and numerous things can "trigger" drug longings inside the brain. Patients at a residential rehab centre or a prison facility when undergoing treatment are taught how to tell what drives them to take drugs, how to avoid and also cope with those things once they re-join society.